(May, 2008). Rowe and Glover did not find an association between time of day and wandering away. Missouri, by comparison, allows alerts to be initiated by law enforcement agencies in whatever way they deem appropriate. (2008). Near Me; Coin Dealers; Best Coin Dealers Near Me. Retrieved December 8, 2008, from http://www.dps.nm.org/newsReleases/DPS/2007/DPSnewsRelease_04.12.07%20Governor%20Signs%20Bill%20to%20Expand%20the%20Missing%20Persons%20Act.pdf, Texas Department of Public Safety. (2008). Second, we recommend a cost–benefit analysis of Silver Alert programs. Although some of the research on search and rescue involves examinations of dementia-related cases (e.g., Rowe & Glover, 2001; Perkins, Roberts, & Feeney, 2005), this research is limited and does not provide much evidence that missing adults, even those with dementia, are considered to be a serious problem.

Home Services. (2008). Home Services. Estimates of the incidence and/or prevalence of wandering by individuals with dementia vary widely. Many Silver Alert policies are activated simply using an age threshold, and the enactment of Silver Alert policies potentially sends a message that some older adults’ desire to keep their whereabouts private may not be relevant. Development of Generative Concern Across Mid- to Later Life, Prioritizing Healthcare and Employment Resources during COVID-19: Roles of Benevolent and Hostile Ageism, “It’s Pure Panic”: The Portrayal of Residential Care in American Newspapers During COVID-19, Volunteering, Self-Perceptions of Aging, and Mental Health in Later Life, Reducing Ageism with Brief Videos about Aging Education, Ageism, and Intergenerational Contact, About The Gerontological Society of America, AppendixReferences used to collect data about state Silver Alert policies, Silverstein, Flaherty, and Salmons (2002), National Association of State Units on Aging, 2008, Griffin, Miller, Hoppe, Rebideaux, & Hammack, 2007, Petonito, Muschert, Manning, & Bhatta, 2009, National Center for Missing Adults (NCMA) (2007), www.nasua.org/pdf/Silver%20Alert%20Initiatives%20in%20the%20states.pdf, http://news-press.com/article/20081208/NEWS01/812080349/1075, http://www.poststat.net/pwp008/pub.52/issue.890/article.3732/, http://www.statesurge.com/bills/400016-sb423-louisiana, http://www.statenews.com/index.php/article/2008/07/mozelle_act_would_create_alert_when_senior_citizen_goes_missing, http://findmarygrobe.blogspot.com/2007/03/new-missouri-system-notifies-media.html, http://www.mshp.dps.missouri.gov/MSHPWeb/PatrolDivisions/DDCC/EndangeredPersonAdvisory/aboutEndangeredPersonAdvisory.html, http://www.doj.mt.gov/enforcement/missingpersons/mepa.asp, http://legis.state.nm.us/Sessions/07%20Regular/bills/senate/SB0912.html, http://www.dps.nm.org/newsReleases/DPS/2007/DPSnewsRelease_04.12.07%20Governor%20Signs%20Bill%20to%20Expand%20the%20Missing%20Persons%20Act.pdf, http://www.txdps.state.tx.us/dem/pages/amberalertprogram.htm, http://www.enewsbuilder.net/texasbroadcasters/e_article000913275.cfm?x=b11,0,w, http://www.state.sd.us/epa/EndangeredPersons.html, http://publicsafety.utah.gov/bci/MPCRachael.html, http://www.alz.org/news_and_events_rates_rise.asp, http://www.alz.org/news_and_events_14004.asp, http://www.helpstartshere.org/seniors_and_aging/alzheimers_disease/dementia/how_social_workers_help/alzheimerandacutes_disease/dementia_-_how_social_workers_help.html, http://www.nasua.org/pdf/Silver%20Alert%20Initiatives%20in%20the%20states.pdf, http://www.theyaremissed.org/ncma/content.php?webid=kristens_law, http://www.searchresearch.org.uk/downloads/ukmpbs/FullReport.pdf, Receive exclusive offers and updates from Oxford Academic, Assistant Nurses’ Positioned Accounts for Prioritizations in Residential Care for Older People, Helping Amid the Pandemic: Daily Affective and Social Implications of COVID-19-Related Prosocial Activities, Cross-Cultural Equivalence of De Jong Gierveld Loneliness Scale Among Older Native and Diasporic Chinese Adults, “If You Don’t Keep Going, You're Gonna Die.”: Helplessness and Perseverance Among Older Adults Living With Chronic Low Back Pain, New Faculty Positions - Molecular Epidemiology, Endowed Chair and Head, Division of Infectious Diseases & Co-Director, Center for Infectious Diseases, Copyright © 2020 The Gerontological Society of America. The development of a comprehensive database on missing adults has the potential to create a stronger foundation of knowledge for more in-depth research on the problems unique to this group. The first type, “AMBER extension,” was created in response to the belief that AMBER Alerts are too limited and that mechanisms should be in place to help find missing adults, not just missing children. © The Author 2009. Whereas state legislation frequently endures long subcommittee processes and rigorous debate, these programs sailed through the legislative process with near universal support in as little as 1 month from the bill's introduction. In fact, individuals with dementia have historically been viewed as not needing or deserving “to be treated according to common ethical precepts of human rights” (Clarke, p. 272, italics in original). Neither of these issues can be easily answered. The analysis includes an examination of the varieties of programs: dementia related and AMBER extension, the dates of enactment, the criteria for activation, and the process of activation. 3. E-mail comments, suggestions and questions to Virginia's Senior Alert System. The second type of program, the “dementia focused,” was created directly in response to the concerns that adults with dementia or other cognitive impairments wander and become missing. For example, in Montana, the Division of Criminal Investigation issues an advisory through the National Weather Service, the Montana Department of Transportation, and the Montana Lottery. The model of AMBER Alerts as a media response system is recognized as a useful way to assist in finding missing adults. Other policies have age requirements, and most limit initiation of alerts to those missing adults aged 60 or 65 years (Texas). Unlike the dementia-focused Silver Alerts, AMBER extension policies tend to be less stringent about specific health issues that might warrant activation. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oxfordjournals.org. Jewelry, Gold Buyers, Diamond Buyers. By contrast, the Alzheimer's Association (2008b) indicates that 6 out of 10 people with Alzheimer's disease will wander, and Silverstein, Flaherty, and Salmons (2002) reported that at some point in the disease process, all individuals with dementia wander. The authors wish to acknowledge the thoughtful commentary of Elizabeth Bozzelli and research assistance of Tirth Bhatta.

(2008). Although there may be problems associated with the use of AMBER Alerts in locating children (see Griffin & Miller, 2008), this technology may be more appropriate for children than older adults because children lack the same legal rights as adults and their safety is more important than their privacy. Although many existing definitions of and research on wandering frame it as a problem that must be controlled and, optimally, prevented (Dewing, 2006), many people with dementia do not fit a “textbook definition” of wandering such as “to move about without a definite destination or purpose” (Alzheimer's Association, 2008b). Retrieved December 8, 2008, from http://www.txdps.state.tx.us/dem/pages/amberalertprogram.htm, Texas Association of Broadcasters. Yet the creation of stringent surveillance mechanisms may threaten the civil liberties of those with dementia or cognitive impairments. Silver Alert initiatives in the states: Protecting seniors with cognitive impairments. Despite the fact that Silver Alerts can be enacted for individuals who go missing in the community or in an institutional setting, they have been depicted as a resource for those caring for older adults in the community. The category of elders with dementia has been distinctly absent from much of the research on missing persons. The use of media alerts are enticing because they appear to help assure the safety of individuals; thus, it is not surprising that caregivers and family members of individuals with dementia as well as the Alzheimer's Association support this form of technology. Silver Alert programs have certainly received strong legislative support, and the political power appears to be related to the targeted attention given to keeping track of older adults with dementia or cognitive impairments who may become lost and find themselves in dangerous situations.

These questions lead us to note the limitations of available knowledge about the problem of missing adults and point to the kinds of issues that should be addressed in continued study along a variety of trajectories. Retrieved December 9, 2008, from http://www.state.sd.us/epa/EndangeredPersons.html, Utah Department of Public Safety. The remaining programs either specify that an individual must be aged 18 years or older (North Carolina and Kentucky) or do not have age requirements, implying that individuals must be aged 18 years or older because they would otherwise qualify for an AMBER Alert (Georgia, Illinois, and Oklahoma). Similarly, media accounts of individuals with dementia wandering off and being found dead in different communities suggest that this is a serious problem.

Instead, the framing is on the “disease” of dementia itself (as powerful, fearsome, or causing bizarre behaviors), on the dominance of medical issues (as the causes, treatments, and practitioners of the disease), or on the caregivers of individuals with the disease (as those taking on the burden of problems associated with dementia).