His 1942 marriage to Ursula, nicknamed "Hanne", produced two sons, Hans-Ulrich and Siegfried. The Battle of Stalingrad marked the high point in the fortunes of the Junkers Ju 87 Stuka. Some Ju 87 D-3s were designated D-3N or D-3 trop and fitted with night or tropical equipment. [59] On 27 March 1951, Der Spiegel published Ursula Rudel's denial of selling his decorations, and further stated she had no intention of doing so. The Reichsmarschall also spoke of an unbelievable 300 panzers ready for an imminent Eastern offensive.

Rudel was greeted by a soldier pointing his gun and demanding Rudel’s Oak Leaves. More information about Mark can be found at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mark_FeltonVisit my audio book channel 'War Stories with Mark Felton': https://youtu.be/xszsAzbHcPEHelp support my channel:https://www.paypal.me/markfeltonproductionhttps://www.patreon.com/markfeltonproductionsDisclaimer: All opinions and comments expressed in the 'Comments' section do not reflect the opinions of Mark Felton Productions. On 23 May, the Royal Navy lost the destroyers HMS Kashmir and Kelly, followed by HMS Hereward on 26 May; Orion and Dido were also severely damaged. The British gunboat Cricket and supply submarine Cachalot became victims. The French large destroyer Bison was sunk along with HMS Afridi by Sturzkampfgeschwader 1 on 3 May 1940 during the evacuation from Namsos. Son of a Lutheran pastor, Rudel was born on July 2, 1916, in Konradswaldau in Lower Silesia.

Gruppe and Sturzkampfgeschwader 2's III.

An estimated 6,500 Ju 87s of all versions were built between 1936 and August 1944. [111], When Fall Gelb (Case Yellow) began on 10 May 1940, the Stuka helped swiftly neutralise the fortress of Eben Emael, Belgium. Fliegerkorps moved up from their bases around Cherbourg-Octeville and concentrated in the Pas de Calais under Luftflotte 2, closer to the area of the proposed invasion of Britain.

Furthermore, the armoured protection of the Ilyushin Il-2 Sturmovik—a feature pioneered by the 1916–17 origin Junkers J.I all-metal sesquiplane of World War I Imperial Germany's Luftstreitkräfte—was copied to protect the crew from ground fire now that the Ju 87 would be required to conduct low level attacks. This was not achievable due to the insufficient production capacity in the Reich. Sassen convinced Adolf Eichmann to share his view on the Holocaust. Employed in this assault were 50 kg (110 lb) fragmentation bombs, which caused appalling casualties to the Polish ground troops.

In addition to writing, Mark also appears regularly in television documentaries around the world, including on The History Channel, Netflix, National Geographic, Quest, American Heroes Channel and RMC Decouverte. The wreck was purchased by New Zealand collector Tim Wallis, who originally planned for a rebuild to airworthy status, and later went to the Deutsches Technikmuseum in Berlin. The Ju 87s also crippled the cruiser HMS Fiji that morning, (she was later finished off by Bf 109 fighter bombers) while sinking the destroyer HMS Greyhound with one hit. [13] By March 1936, the second prototype, the V2, was finally fitted with the Jumo 210Aa engine, which a year later was replaced by a Jumo 210 G (W.Nr.

The main frames were bolted onto the engine's top quarter. [58], Rudel was married three times. At Piotrków Trybunalski I./StG 76 and I./StG 2 destroyed a Polish infantry division de-training there. Due to a shortage of engines, instead of a DB 600, a BMW "Hornet" engine was fitted. Rudel destroyed 12 of 13 tanks a mere 50 miles from Berlin. de Zeng, H.L., D.G. The campaign ended after the French surrender on 25 June 1940. [3] Nevertheless, development continued at Junkers. The Ju 87 repair facility at the Wels aircraft works was destroyed on 30 May 1944, and the site abandoned Ju 87 links. [112], The Ju 87 units were also instrumental in the Battle of France. For the Soviet summer offensive, Operation Bagration, 12 Ju 87 groups and five mixed groups (including Fw 190s) were on the Luftwaffe's order of battle on 26 June 1944. [98] During the Battle of Radom six Polish divisions trapped by encircling German forces were forced to surrender after a relentless four-day bombardment by StG 51, 76 and 77. In 1976 Rudel’s acceptance to an officer’s evening of the Immelmann Wing caused a stir in the Bundeswehr because of Rudel’s “activity in a neo-Nazi party.”. The main construction material was duralumin, and the external coverings were made of duralumin sheeting. In the book, he supported Nazi policies.

Only a handful of production Gs were committed in the Battle of Kursk. [18], After Rudel moved to Argentina, he became a close friend and confidant of the President of Argentina Juan Perón, and Paraguay's dictator Alfredo Stroessner. As a result, the Stukas suffered heavily. Landing to rescue them, Rudel’s own plane got stuck in the mud. [49][50] Rudel, through La Estrella, was also in contact with Otto Skorzeny, who had his own network of former SS and Wehrmacht officers. Advertisement. The Stukas inflicted severe damage on Allied shipping. When the United States Army occupied the Junkers factory at Dessau on 21 April 1945, they were both impressed at and interested in the medical flight tests with the Ju 87. Though surdy, accurate, and very effective against ground targets, the Stuka was, like many other dive bombers of the period, vulnerable to fighter aircraft. [110], In the following weeks, StG 1 continued their sea operations. The Belorussian Front was forced to abandon its attempt to capture Berlin by mid-February 1945. In June 1943, the RLM ordered 20 Ju 87Gs as production variants. Resuming command of 1st Staffel, Rudel integrated the cannon Stukas in the fighting for the Kuban bridgehead. [44], The Ju 87 B-2s that followed had some improvements and were built in several variants that included ski-equipped versions (the B-1 also had this modification)[45] and at the other end, with a tropical operation kit called the Ju 87 B-2 trop. The Ju 87R had a B-series airframe with an additional oil tank and fuel lines to the outer wing stations to permit the use of two 300 litres (79 US gal) standardised capacity under-wing drop tanks, used by a wide variety of Luftwaffe aircraft through most of the war.

Engine power was increased again, the Jumo 211J now delivering 1,420 PS (1,044 kW or 1,400 hp). It caused the explosion of the forward magazine which demolished the superstructure and the forward part of the hull. Göring ordered this checked. “For a time I forgot entirely the bombs I am carrying and the objective.”, In September 1942 Rudel completed his 500th operational flight. Her stern was virtually destroyed but she limped back to Scapa Flow with 33 dead and 38 wounded crewmen. On 4 July 1940, StG 2 made a successful attack on a convoy in the English Channel, sinking four freighters: Britsum, Dallas City, Deucalion and Kolga. W jego wnętrzu znajdowały się szczątki pilota", Reich Air Ministry (RLM) aircraft designations, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Junkers_Ju_87&oldid=985675003, World War II ground attack aircraft of Germany, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, In October 2006, a Ju 87 D-3/Trop.

[25] On 22 December 1944, Rudel completed his 2,400th combat mission, and the next day, he reported his 463rd tank destroyed. [47] The R-3 and R-4 were the last R variants developed. The Ju 87s delivered six and three damaging near-misses but the ship's engines were untouched and she reached the besieged harbour of Malta. Generalquartiermeister der Luftwaffe records indicate a total force of 366 Ju 87 A and Bs were available for operations on 31 August 1939. The offensive made rapid progress. Post-war, he was a prominent neo-Nazi activist in Latin America and West Germany. The Ju A 48 registration D-ITOR, was originally fitted with a BMW 132 engine, producing 450 kW (600 hp). The Ju 87 C had a takeoff weight of 5,300 kg (11,700 lb) and a speed of 133 km/h (83 mph) on departure. [73], Pilots were also asked to complete the new "Blind Flying Certificate 3", which was especially introduced for this new type of operation. [64], With the G variant, the ageing airframe of the Ju 87 found new life as an anti-tank aircraft. Together with Eberhard Fritsch, a former Hitler Youth leader, Sassen began interviewing Eichmann in 1956 with the intent of publishing his views. The reverse in German military fortunes after 1943 and the appearance of huge numbers of well-armoured Soviet tanks caused Junkers to adapt the existing design to combat this new threat. [7] On 21 September 1941, Rudel took part in an attack on the Soviet battleship Marat of the Baltic Fleet. Buried in Dornhausen, Rudel’s funeral was attended by old comrades, some wearing the Knight’s Cross, some giving a last Hitler salute. The Italian forces were quickly pushed back. The G-1 was converted from older D-series airframes, retaining the smaller wing, but without the dive brakes. Operation Marita commenced on 7 April. [94], On 1 September 1939, the Wehrmacht invaded Poland, beginning World War II. Anticipating a chivalrous reception, Rudel crash-landed at an American aerodrome at Kitzingen during parade formation. Further victories against shipping were claimed before nightfall on 1 June. [60] Rudel married his second wife, Ursula née Daemisch in 1965. [11][7] Rudel's unit then took part in Operation Typhoon, Army Group Center's attempt to capture the Soviet capital. Of the 25 the RLM hoped for in August 1941, none were delivered. As the strength of the Soviet Air Forces grew, they gradually wrested control of the skies from the Luftwaffe. StG 77 destroyed one such target at Radomsko. [152], On 22 June 1941, the Wehrmacht commenced Operation Barbarossa, the invasion of the Soviet Union. Ju 87s sank the Dutch ships Jan Van Galen (1,316 tons) and Johan Maurits Van Nassau (1,520 tons) as they provided close-shore artillery support at Waalhaven and the Afsluitdijk. [51], Rudel returned to West Germany in 1953 and became a leading member of the Neo-Nazi nationalist political party, the German Reich Party (Deutsche Reichspartei or DRP). 326 men were killed and the ship gradually settled to the bottom in 11 meters (36 ft) of water. Rudel was not destined to have a long life, succumbing at the age of 66 to a brain hemorrhage on December 21, 1982. Post-war, he was a prominent neo-Nazi activist in Latin America and West Germany. The Dutch Navy in concert with the British were evacuating the Dutch Royal Family and Dutch gold reserves through the country's ports.

To help the pilot see his instrument panel, a violet light was installed. The wings were of standard Junkers double-wing construction.

Tests showed the average braking distance was 20–35 metres (66–115 ft). The German media criticized the German Football Association, and viewed Rudel's visit as being sympathetic to the military dictatorship that ruled Argentina following the 1976 Argentine coup d'état. Six more were damaged. To do this, Ju 87s were ordered to perform a low-level attack on the Polish Army Garrison headquarters. Stepp also noted that the aircraft was also less agile than the existing D variants. Within a few days Rudel himself destroyed 70 of the small Soviet boats trying to cross the lagoons. Holding out for an armistice with the Western Allies, Rudel frankly told Hitler that “the war can no longer be ended victoriously on both fronts.” Rudel kept flying until May 8, 1945 when he received the news that the war was over.