This is largely due to the fact that domestic coal mining has been steadily reduced (and stopped altogether at the end of 2018), whereas the use of coal for electricity production has declined much more slowly. Researching a story? Germany has diversified oil supply sources, a well-connected supply infrastructure, a liberal market and high oil emergency reserves that all contribute to maintaining the country’s strong security of oil supply. Distributed by Public, unedited and unaltered, on 01 November 2019 17:37:09 UTC, U.S. Jobless Claims Fall to Lowest Level Since Start of Coronavirus Pandemic -- 2nd Update. Germany has taken steps to reform its electricity market regulation to ensure smoother system integration of variable renewable generation, notably with the passage of the Act on the Further Development of the Electricity Market in 2016.

The uptick in demand will increase Germany’s already-high call on natural gas imports. Germany's net fuel imports have trended downwards in the last few years. +1 (212) 419-5770

However, high electricity costs, driven by levies, charges and taxes (including the Renewable Energy Act surcharge to subsidise renewables) are impeding opportunities to use more electricity in the heating sector, especially in a context of low taxation on fossil fuels. Notably, the increased use of natural gas in electricity generation, especially to meet peak electricity demand, will also increasingly tie electricity security to gas security. In 2017 and 2018, however, net coal imports fell considerably because gross coal-based electricity generation slid as well due to the increase in prices for carbon emission certificates in the framework of EU emissions trading, which makes coal more expensive than natural gas, and the steady increase in the share of renewable energies. Further data and graphs on Germany’s power imports and exports are available at the Energy Charts of the Fraunhofer ISE research institute. 11 Finland: 15,420 … That said, the government’s planned coal phase-out could help reset the country on a path to achieving its longer-term emissions targets in the electricity sector. Delays to grid expansion experienced thus far have generated significant congestion management costs. Due to increased generation from wind and solar, network constraints preventing transmission from the north to the south, delays in grid expansion, and the fact that Germany has only one bidding zone, northern states are facing power surpluses and southern ones are experiencing deficits, an imbalance that will worsen as the last of the country’s commercial nuclear power plants in the south and northwest close and wind comes online in the north.

CLEW covers all aspects of the energy transition – browse through our topic pages to find news and background on: A wealth of numbers and statistics describe the energy generation and consumption of nation states. Germany has become an important transit country for gas (new pipelines), which is why not only imports, but also exports have increased considerably.

6 Netherlands: 23,140 6 AUSTRIA 26,370 2016 est. Drop CLEW a line or give us a call for background material and contacts. Both policy and regulatory reforms can help Germany achieve a cost-efficient, equitable and sustainable pathway to meeting its highly ambitious energy transition goals. As such, grid expansion is a stated priority for the government. Coal: Bifurcated development Turning to hard coal (share in total net energy imports in 2018: 13.6%), it may come as a surprise that net imports exceeded the level of 2000 by 39% in 2018.

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Large combustion facilities in the power and industry sectors are part of the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS), whereas non‑ETS emissions are subject to the Effort Sharing Decision until 2020 and the Effort Sharing Regulation from 2021 to 2030.

9 Sweden: 16,610 9 SPAIN 21,850 2016 est.

Reforms to the Renewable Energy Sources Act in 2014 and 2017 created a welcome overhaul in renewable energy funding towards more competition and greater cost efficiency, limiting the previous system of fixed funding rates, which became too costly and less necessary as the deployment costs of wind and solar came down rapidly. Imports to Germany fell 7.9 percent from a year earlier to EUR 78.5 billion in August 2020, as purchases from the EU dropped 5.4 percent and those from third countries tumbled 10.5 percent. German commission proposes coal exit by 2038, Tenant electricity - feeble start for Germany's 'Energiewende at home', Preview 2020: Germany’s targets under scrutiny in year of global climate action, Old but gold?

Net imports of nuclear energy sources (uranium) dropped by c. 55% between 2000 and 2018, largely due to the planned exit from nuclear energy. In absolute terms, gas-based gross electricity generation was up by roughly 70%. The key policy strategy areas described in the programme are the National Action Plan on Energy Efficiency, the Energy Efficiency Strategy for Buildings, transport sector measures (including mileage-based charges for road freight vehicles and federal funds for long-distance public transport), and measures in the electricity sector (to increase renewable energy, modernise fossil fuel power plants and develop more co‑generation plants 1 ).

Beyond nuclear, the government also has a strategy to phase out the use of coal-fired power generation to help meet emissions targets. The gap caused by the stop to domestic coal mining had to be closed by higher imports.

Germany has become an important transit country for gas (new pipelines), which is why not only imports, but also exports have increased considerably. These inventories reduce the need for additional imports. The Clean Energy Wire produces and enables first-class journalism about the energy transition in Germany and beyond. But according to the new coalition agreement of March 2018, as affirmed by the climate cabinet, the government is now planning to speed up the growth, to reach a share of 65% renewable electricity by 2030 (contingent on a corresponding expansion in grid capacity).

The import quotas are particularly high for oil (99%) and natural gas (96%). © 2018 Clean Energy Wire.

Above all, heating oil has become less popular.

As sub‑targets, the commission recommended decommissioning at least 12.5 gigawatts (GW) of coal-fired power plants by 2022 and 25.6 GW by 2030. The “Energiewende" continues to be the defining feature of Germany’s energy policy landscape. Moreover, Germany’s heavy reliance on diesel vehicles in road transport has contributed to rising air pollution, especially nitrogen dioxide emissions.2 In addition to efficiency improvements in line with EU requirements as well as promoting EVs, the Climate Action Plan 2050 also identifies local public transport, rail, cycling, walking and digitalisation as playing important roles in achieving climate targets in the transport sector.

[UPDATE adds graph on energy mix in H1/2020], All texts created by the Clean Energy Wire are available under a. The statistic represents Germany's electricity imports from other European countries in 2014, sorted by country. Find out about the world, a region, or a country, Find out about a fuel, a technology or a sector, Explore the full range of IEA's unique analysis, Search, download and purchase energy data and statistics, Search, filter and find energy-related policies, Shaping a secure and sustainable energy future, Clean Energy Ministerial Hydrogen Initiative, Clean Energy Transitions in Emerging Economies, Global Commission for Urgent Action on Energy Efficiency. Putting a price on emissions: What are the prospects for carbon pricing in Germany? In place for nearly a decade, the Energiewende is a major plan for transforming the country’s energy system to make it more efficient and supplied mainly by renewable sources.

In absolute terms, however, oil imports have been steadily declining for a number of years now.