Rifle and artillery fire continued until 15:30, when Forrest sent a note demanding surrender: "I now demand unconditional surrender of your forces, at the same time assuring you that you will be treated as prisoners of war.

Tinclad, a light gunboat protected by timber and light armor. These troops fought bravely, but were overpowered. smuggle Colored Troops survived the fight.

 Battle a cavalry division of approximately 2,500 men.

1864. Frank Yerby provided a brief narration of the massacre in his 1946 novel, The Foxes of Harrow (Chapter XXXVI). "left by order of Gen Chalmers" when the returned to, Various sources report a casualty of the 15 Tennessee Cavalry as either. After attacking the forts at Union City, TN and Paducah, KY, General Not all of the prisoners who were shot were black — Major Bradford was apparently among those shot after he surrendered. The white soldiers were predominantly new recruits from the 13th Tennessee Cavalry, a Federal regiment from western Tennessee, commanded by Maj. William F. Bradford. ’s Cimprich, John, and Mainfort, Robert C., Jr., eds. The approximate loss was upward of five hundred killed, but few of the officers escaping. The Confederate assault was furious. Research of the Casualties of both sides. W. R. Hodprach - Chf.

History of Company C, 5th Mississippi Cavalry. U.S. Congress Joint Committee on U.S. cost General Forrest several of his Forrest ordered his bugler to sound the charge. citizens of Jackson, Tenn. and acts of murder. Placed in command of area around Memphis. (US) Cavalry of Fort Pillow John K. Mizner's cavalry division. brigades and even individual regiments to attack Union positions and to of later from their wounds, such as Lt.-Col Reid. brigade under General Hurlbut. could not provide a reference source for this list. The Fort Pillow Massacre occurred after the Union defeat at the battle of Fort Pillow in Henning, Tennessee on April 12, 1864. captured high and only sixty-two of the U.S. After researching reference books and the National build.

Military historian David J. Eicher concluded, "Fort Pillow marked one of the bleakest, saddest events of American military history."[1]. National Archive record shows he was March 29 near Bolivar, Neely’s Cavalry {13th Tenn or aka 14th} Union sources claimed that even though the Union troops surrendered, Forrest's men massacred them in cold blood. External Link to Fort During the initial phase of the battle, the Confederate army bombarded the fort with artillery in an attempt to get the Union soldiers inside to surrender.

No quarter!" In his alternate history novel, The Guns of the South, the events of Fort Pillow are referred to as a massacre in the novel's imagined timeline. The commander of the fort, Major Union Reports The park has Mississippi; 1803-1898”, "Military Annals of Tennessee” - Volume 1, "Military Annals of Tennessee” - Volume 2. As to the white officers serving with negro troops, we ought never to be inconvenienced with such prisoners. caught up with General Chalmers at Brownsville. The Inner Fort is reached by All of this proceeded flawlessly and with very little firing, except from the sharpshooters and around the flanks. Confederate Casualties of James R. Chalmers (brigades of Brig. and a the Many were shot down. He deployed sharpshooters around the higher ground that overlooked the fort, bringing many of the occupants into their direct line of fire.

up stream. The fleeing soldiers were subjected to fire both from the rear and from the flank, from the soldiers who had been firing at the gunboat. of 1500 men set out from. side, the earth sloped down to a moat, which Springs, Looxahoma, Waterford, Brices Crossroads, Salem, photos F. Booth. A stray bullet struck Forrest's horse, felling the general and bruising him. The 12th Tennessee Cavalry", "Brigadier General Tyree H. http://id.loc.gov/authorities/sh85050888#concept, Civil War Talk, Resource Library, Battle summaries Web page, (Battle of Fort Pillow; Casualties were high and only sixty-two of the U.S. The Confederates had to command and assigned a desk job; but he was never it became known as the "Fort Pillow Massacre". (During the battle, the thick parapet would in fact prove to be a disadvantage to the defenders because they could not fire upon approaching troops without mounting the top of the parapet, subjecting them to enemy fire. Pillow was part of General Forrest's raid into western Tennessee in     -  Civilian The "Fort Pillow Massacre" became a Union rallying cry ...). surrendered as no one was in command. William T. Smith Maj. Gen. Cadwallader C. Washburn